The capital of Malta is Valletta. The official language is English and Maltese. We provide information about Malta, Gozo and Comino - Malta guide, Attraction, Event, Museum, Beaches, Hotels, Apartments and Farmhouses. The action research initiative was implemented by the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD)—a regional knowledge center—and Himalayan Action Research Centre (HARC)—a nongovernment organization (NGO). It may be unrealistic to expect smallholder farmers and their enterprises to be competitive in markets without external facilitation and substantial investment in quality and performance (Ponte 2008). Malta, island country located in the central Mediterranean Sea with a close historical and cultural connection to both Europe and North Africa, lying some 58 miles (93 km) south of Sicily and 180 miles (290 km) from either Libya or Tunisia. The action research strategy and criteria for site selection were developed in consultation with key stakeholders from the state Horticulture Department, district administration, farmers, traders, and HARC at a meeting in February 2008. Our findings corroborate those of previous studies (eg Giel 2008; Barham and Chitemi 2009) that show collective action improves smallholders' market access and gains. Malta farmers generally receive less than one tenth of the price paid by consumers (Pandey et al 2011). The initiative focused on mobilizing and organizing growers of Malta oranges in Chamoli district and developing processing facilities to improve the market for them (Choudhary et al 2013). This is the only way that upscaling and replication of the lessons learned will be possible. This is constrained by high transaction costs and coordination problems along the production-to-consumption value chain (Shiferaw et al 2008). Essential Facts about Malta. Smallholder farmers growing it face multiple challenges due to unorganized and inaccessible markets; they are forced to sell to intermediaries at very low prices. Malta (; ), officially the Republic of Malta (), is a Southern European island country comprising an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea. The community-based intervention approach addressed the weaknesses and challenges of this value chain through a multipronged upgrading strategy to promote sustainable management of the Malta orange orchards, marketing, and processing, with the aim of increasing the farmers' value share from the value chain. Interpretation Translation  malta orange noun or maltese orange. Information was collected before and after the intervention by various means, including stakeholder meetings, focus group discussions, and interviews with farmers and value chain facilitators. Diverse strategies, including different forms of value chain coordination, with appropriate external support, are essential for smallholder farmers (Choudhary et al 2012b, 2013). This was possible as the farmers adopted an enterprise-driven approach to managing their Malta oranges. Break 'malty' down into sounds: say it out loud and exaggerate the sounds until you can consistently produce them. The t-test was used to ascertain if there was a significant postintervention increase in yield and incomes from producing and processing Malta oranges. Local value-added products promoted by the cooperative in 2010. The scaling technique was also used for measuring the general level of perception of farmers with regard to the benefits from training. 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