This had severe ramifications for the Persian forces and, Alfred Wegener: Theory of Continental Drift, The Government and Fiscal Policy Sample Questions. After his death, Xerxes, his son, planned the second war and gathered an enormous navy and army. What was an advantage that Greece had over the Persians in the Battle of Marathon? It was a question of survival for the Greeks; however, for the Persians, occupying Greece was the main focus of the plan. The Athenians, who would dominate Greece culturally and politically through the fifth century BCE., regarded the wars against Persia as their greatest and most defining moment. It is important to understand the reasons for the Persians insistent invasion of the Greeks and the vigilant campaign to take over Athens. Struggling to control the independent-minded cities of Ionia, the Persians appointed tyrantsto rule each of them. Greek history is intertwined with Persian history. Democracy would have ceased to exist. The This foresight was the first step Greece made to defend herself against the ‘barbarians’ and hence holds a degree of responsibility for Greek victory in the Persian wars. Make a judgement based on outcome, results and values. When he learns of the Persian defeat, Darius condemns the hubris behind his son’s decision to invade Greece and particularly his decision to build a bridge over the Hellespont to expedite the Persian army’s advance, which, he argues, merely angered the gods and led to the Persian defeat. The Persian Wars began in 499 BCE, when Greeks in the Persian-controlled territory rose in the Ionian Revolt. Herodotus tells us that opinion among the Athenian commanders was divided with some opposed to attacking with their heavily outnumbered force. After the Battle of Thermopylae the Persians moved on to take Greece and a massive Naval battle occurred at the battle of Salamis where a smaller Greek navy of around 378 ships beat a strength of 600-800 Persian ships. Subsequently, the Persians suffered many defeats at the hands of the Greeks, led by the Athenians. But it was the Persian financing of the Pelopponesean war--it supported Sparta against Athens--that led to the defeat of Athens and the ending of the height of Athenian civ. Why was Greek victory in Persian Wars so important to not only Greeks, but Americans as well . Posted in Best Essay Post navigation . Such were the Greco-Persian Wars, often simply called the Persian Wars. Persia wanted better schools. The average soldier was very lightly armored in so that they could move rapidly. The Greco-Persian Wars or Persian Wars were a series of battles in the 5th century BCE between Greece and Persia. The Persians lost their wars in Greece, in part, because the triumphant Greeks wrote the histories and other texts that survive; and they stressed their victories as inevitable and foreordained. Add your answer and earn points. Persia wanted Greek culture. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. One has to recall what H. R. Immerwahr wrote forty years ago in his review of Hignett’s Xerxes Invasion of Greece, Oxford 1962: “In the present state of the Herodotean studies, it would perhaps be best to leave in abeyance the question of what actually happened in the Persian Wars, and to focus instead on the ancient traditions themselves” (Gnomon 39, 1967, pp. Before departing, the ghost of Darius prophesies another Persian defeat at the Battle of Plataea (479 BCE). History Periods. It was one of those times when a few Greek city/states joined together and defeated the invasion force of the massive Persian Empire. The Persian Empire was the largest and most powerful empire in the world at the time of the Persian Wars. The Persian Wars refers to the conflict between Greece and Persia in the 5th century BCE which involved two invasions by the latter in 490 and 480 BCE. The Greco-Persian Wars (also often called the Persian Wars) were a series of conflicts between the Achaemenid Empire and Greek city-states that started in 499 BC and lasted until 449 BC. Subsequently, the Persians suffered many defeats at the hands of the Greeks, led by the Athenians. After serving at the battle of Marathon, in 490BC during the first invasion, Themistocles was one of the few who realized the threat of future invasions from the eastern power of Persia. The origin of the Persian Empire can be attributed to the leadership of Cyrus the Great. It also prevented the Persians from overwhelming the Greeks with their fleet numbering 500 ships against the Greek fleet numbering 378 ships. Such factors include unity, leadership, strategy, tactics and the pre-eminence of the Greek soldier. In fact, the impact of military factors has changed the course of history not only in the short term, but in the long term as well. However, Sparta rejected calls from its allies to destroy Athens (perhaps out of respect for Athen’s role in the Persian Wars). History >> Ancient Greece The Persian Wars were a series of wars fought between the Persians and the Greeks from 492 BC to 449 BC. This is the last battle. In the Greco-Persian wars from 499 BC-449 BC this colossal empire lost due to superior Greek military capabilities residing in the exceptional Greek generals and professional troop contingents. Forums. The key to Athens' strength in the 5th Century BC was in this general and statesman and therefore, as Greek victory relied so heavily on Athens, Themistocles vitally contributed to the outcome of the Persian king’s invasion of 480-479 BC. Strong leadership was the most important aspect of the Greek defence, as without the intelligence and bravery of the leaders, the Greeks would have been easily defeated, Aeschylus' play, The Persians, took place at the Persian Royal Palace in Susa. Who were the Persians? The Battle of Marathon was a watershed in the Greco-Persian wars, showing the Greeks that the Persians could be beaten; the eventual Greek triumph in these wars can be seen to have begun at Marathon. Thucydides says that Themistocles had a great gift for analysing complex situations and taking action, and that is just what he did. Cyrus was able to create a vast empire that would last more than two hundred years. The Persian forces were primarily light and heavy infantry consisting of swordsmen, spear men and archers with a measure of lightly armed and armored calvary. They controlled land that stretched from Egypt all the way to India. Joined May 21, 2009 Messages 114 Gender Female HSC 2009 Oct 13, 2009 #2 I've always studied both, in case I get a shit question for one of them so I can do the other. As the War of Persia was fought in fifth century, there was strong hold of Persia all over the world having number of states in their control, it was never thought that the unity of Greeks would bring downfall of the Persian Empire by merely gathering into a group. It is tempting to view the Greek victory in the Persian War as an achievement of superior power and fighting. Another important reason includes the Ionian Revolt, and associated revolts. In fact, 90% of the bombs hauled to Iraq’s borders were smart weapons. Despite the Greek victory, the end of the Greco-Persian Wars did not end Persia's desire to meddle in Greek affairs, nor did it lead to unity among the Greek city-states. The cities of Ionia were also liberated from Persian control. The Persians managed to finally repel the second Persian invasion and thus set … The Persian Wars were a series of destructive and malevolent battles which occurred in the time frame of 490B.C and 480 – 479B.C. Which of these was not a result of the greek victory in the persian wars? Brainly User Brainly User Cyrus the GreatThis was the leader of the Persian empire in 548 BCE.BabyloniaThe Persians conquered this Mesopotamian civilization:SatrapiesDarius divided the Persian empire into 23 of these territories … To what extent was Themistocles responsible for the Greek victory in the Persian Wars? *** Assess the reasons for the Greek victory over the Persians in 490 to 480/479 BC. 5, Section 3 The Spartan victors stripped Athenians of their naval fleet and empire. greek persian save the west victory wars; Home. Who were the Persians? The fifth century victory over the Persians allowed Athens to thrive, go through its golden age and develop democracy, architecture, philosophy, literature, drama. more people. Not only, it was used for cultural reasons as well. The Greek victory over the Persians in the Persian Wars cannot be attributed to only one factor, more it was a commixture of factors. GRECO-PERSIAN WARS. It was one of those times when a few Greek city/states joined together and defeated the invasion force of the massive Persian Empire. The Battle. Persia wanted farmland. Battle of Plataea. Cause of 1st Persian War Greek's consider this battle to be one of the most important events since they were able to defeat the large Persian army will a small force. The... ...held off an army of over one million led by Xerxes I. Greek victory over the Persian navy during the Second Persian War. Beginning in 449 BCE, the Persians attempted to aggravate the growing tensions between Athens and Sparta, and would even bribe politicians to achieve these aims. The answer lies in the difference in their equipment, tactics and their training. The Persian Wars were a series of destructive and malevolent battles which occurred in the time frame of 490B.C and 480 – 479B.C. vowed to extend the empire further west into the lands of Greece Themistocles was responsible for the Greek victory in the Persian wars to a considerable extent. The Greeks were victorious in the Second Persian War because of a number of factors. The Persian army relied heavily on calvary and archers His failure is largely attributed to the Five pivotal roles he undertook were of varying degrees responsible for Greece’s success against Xerxes. Each contributing factor was to play a distinctive and pivotal role in the various battles to come, which ultimately would lead to the subsequent demise of the Persians. A Persian soldier wore a corset covered in metal plates under his tunic and carried with him a gerron, a shield traditionally made of leather and wicker. Themistocles strategy was to lure the Persians into the narrowest part of the straits where the Greeks’ intimate knowledge of the waterway and the Persian predisposition for maintaining formations would offset the numerical disparity between them. Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. As well as this, Themistocles’ strategy in key battle such as Thermopylae, Artemisium and Salamis were vital to to war effort. Formation of soldiers carrying shields close together for defense; any very close group of people. The Great King of Persia, his empire encompassed the majority of the known world. Athenian democracy ensured that talented individuals rose to positions of power and influence such as Miltiades and Themistocles. The notable exception to this was, of course, Sparta. Ancient historians such as Aeschylus in his play ‘The Persians’ and Herodotus attribute the Greek victory to the so called ‘hubris’ or extreme confidence and arrogance showed by Xerxes. Ancient historians such as Aeschylus in his play ‘The Persians’ and Herodotus attribute the Greek victory to the so called ‘hubris’ or extreme confidence and arrogance showed by Xerxes. Yes it was a total Victory for the Greeks. It was he who realized that the Persian threat was imminent and catastrophic, and it was his radical advancement of Athenian sea power which allowed the Greeks to achieve victory over the Persians. Get Started. Their strategy was to keep the Greeks distracted with in-fighting, so as to stop the tide of counterattacks reaching the Persian Empire. Such were the Greco-Persian Wars, often simply called the Persian Wars. The Greek victory over the Persians in the Persian Wars cannot be attributed to only one factor, more it was a commixture of factors. The Gulf War. contribution the key factor in bringing about a Greek victory in the Persian Wars, 480-479 BC?To a very large extent Themistocles did play the key role in bringing about a Greek victory against the Persians in 480-479BC. Persian Wars were a defining moment in Greek history. As they took on a new approach ten years later, the second Persian war unraveled. note Moreover, in their historical writings, the Greek authors make it clear that the Persians are a mere bunch of decadent, effeminate barbarians , natural slaves that could be ignored in the history of mankind. Add your answer and earn points. While it was suitable for stopping arrows,... ...the Persian Empire, ruled by Cyrus the Great, was a major threat to the states of Greece. Themistocles realized the consistent threat of the Persians and that they would... ...antiquity and covered over 6 million square kms from the Caspian Sea in the north to the Indian ocean in the south from Egypt in the west to the Indus River in the east. 1. The invasion was an immediate call to the defeat of the first Persian war of Greece that lasted from 492 BC to 490 BC at the Battle of Marathon. The battle also showed the Greeks that they were able to win battles without the Spartans, as Sparta was seen as the major military force in Greece. This first expedition was to be known as the Battle of Marathon in 490 B.C. Thucydides describes Themistocles as a man who showed an ‘unmistakable natural genius’. The reasons for the Greek victory against the Persians in 490 to 480/479 BC was a mixture of exceptional leadership, skilful tactics and strategy, superior weapons and soldiers, and Greek unity. Daniel Ashby Their helmets limited their vision greatly, as well as their hearing. Reasons Persians wanted to take over Greece. The time of the Persian Wars offers us our best view of Greek religion in action and of the interplay of Greek religion and history. While the first invasion had been repelled by the Greek hoplite forces, the coming wave was much too large to be beaten on land. This would prov… Themistocles possessed an incredible foresight and began to prepare against the inevitable Persian invasion early on, his political leadership to a domestic level in Athens contributed to the state’s naval strength, and similarly, his political leadership in the conception of a united Greek defence was a significant achievement. 81 - 90 of 500 . 382-95, 394). His early life reflects the character and skills developed that were responsible for these contributions. The Greek victory over the Persians in the Persian Wars cannot be attributed to only one factor, more it was a commixture of factors. 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